- Bites & Stings
- Jelly fish and sea urchins
- Brown Recluse
- Funnel Web
- Venomous Snakes
|Cobras (Africa & Asia)||Rattlesnake (Americas)|
|Coral Snakes (Americas)||Copperhead (Americas)|
|Mambas (Africa)||Night adder (Africa)|
|Kraits (Asia)||Bushmaster (So. America)|
Snake Bite First Aid
- Protect from further bite
- (safely try to identify snake)
- Cleanse (unless Venom Detection Kit)
- Remove constricting items
- Apply tourniquet
- Incise / use
- Apply electric shock
- Add drugs / EtOH
- Get bitten
- Protect yourself from more bites by doing the following:
- If you’re looking for a (safely try to identify snake)
- Disinfect (unless Venom Detection Kit)
- Get rid of everything that restricts your movement.
- Use a tourniquet.
- Use / incise
- Use an electric shock
- Incorporate medicines / EtOH
- Become bitten
- DO NOT INTERFERE WITH THE BITER!
- Protective gear
- Good footwear
- Walking stick
- Check your shoes
- Keep an eye on where you tread / reach!
- Hazardous Marine Life
(Broadly, 3 categories)
Coral, Anemone, Jellyfish
Stingray, Spiny Fish, Urchin
- Bite / Envenom
Octopus, Shark, Barracuda
- Rinse with seawater (not freshwater)
- Immerse in HOT WATER: Immersion in hot water is preferable to ice.
- packs vs. ice packs for clinically
- symptomatic pain alleviation at 10 and 20 minutes (1 trial)
- Vinegar with 5% acetic acid: Vinegar is good for box jelly fish and their smaller cousins, Irukandji.
- Vinegar or Adolph’s meat tenderizer may
- make skin appear worse or encourage discharge and make discomfort worse.
- Soak in HOT WATER
- Carefully remove imbedded spines
- Shave to eliminate pedicellariae
- “Spine dye” could be misleading
- Consider Vibrio & Aeromonas
- Species: Quinolone, Doxycycline, TMP-SMX
- Standard “trauma” care
- Infection and foreign body risk